Industry Today Volume 22 Issue 1

intelligence, data analytics, and automation will continue to influence the digital trans- formation of supply chains. This will lead to more efficient and integrated end-to-end capa- bilities for firms and allow them to run faster, more resilient, and more cost-effective supply chains. Dell was a pioneer in using supply chain efficiency as a key driver behind their business model during their rise to prominence. Subsequently, more diverse companies such as Walmart and Zara Fashion used their supply chain prowess to gain competitive advantages. I expect that supply chain innovation through the use of artificial intelligence, data analytics, automation, and blockchain will play an even larger role in driving business model changes. As companies and industries seek to improve and recalibrate their supply chain operations, the growing influence of blockchain technol- ogy, international trade and geopolitical rela- tions are poised to have a substantial effect on how these developments actually take hold. However supply chain operations evolve in 2019 depends on an amalgamation of these current, identifiable trends in addition to unforeseen, unpredictable events and actions that may happen in global business activities this year. It’s uncertain exactly how blockchain technology, trade and international relations may influence supply chain operations in 2019, but they will have a impact. INDUSTRY TODAY 37 FEATURE - SUPPLY CHAIN ABOUT THE AUTHOR Haresh Gurnani is the Thomas H Davis Chair of Business and Professor of Operations & Supply Chain Management at Wake Forest University. He also serves as Area Chair of Quant Methods & Operations, Marketing and Economics areas, and ProgramDirector of theMathematical Business major.